Posted on August 15, 2016

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Consulenze e indagini

Questo impianto consulta le seguenti organizzazioni in merito alla tutela del patrimonio paesaggistico:

  • Lancashire County Council.
  • The Forestry Commission
  • The Sports Turf Research Institute
  • Lancashire Wilflife Trust

Sono state svolte le seguenti indagini e valutazioni paesaggistiche presso questo impianto:

Impact Assessment of Proposed Increase in Groundwater Abstraction for Irrigation Halcrow Crouch 1999/04/01
RLSAGC Soils and Drainage Status of The Golf Course Turf Trax 2004/02/20
RLSAGC Bunker Visualisations Martin Ebert 2013/10/01
RLSAGC Bunker Report 2011 Martin Ebert 2011/03/01
RLSAGC Bunker Report 2012 Martin Ebert 2012/02/01
RLSAGC 10th Hole Report Martin Ebert 2014/01/01
RLSAGC 9th Hole Report Martin Ebert 2014/10/01
RLSAGC Post Open Future Proposals Martin Ebert 2012/09/03
RLSAGC May 2014 Visit Martin Ebert 2014/05/01

Questo impianto consulta le seguenti organizzazioni riguardo la protezione e la valorizzazione dell'ecosistema:

  • The Sports Turf Research Institute

Sono state svolte le seguenti indagini ecologiche presso questo impianto:

Ecological Monitoring Appraisal 2001 Bob Taylor STRI 2001/05/18
Ecological Monitoring Appraisal 2002 Bob Taylor STRI 2002/09/10
Ecological Monitoring Appraisal 2003 Bob Taylor STRI 2003/08/18
Ecological Monitoring Appraisal 2005 Bob Taylor STRI 2005/09/13
Ecological Monitoring Appraisal 2006 Bob Taylor STRI 2006/09/08
Ecological Monitoring Appraisal 2007 Bob Taylor STRI 2007/08/22
Ecological Monitoring Appraisal 2008 Bob Taylor STRI 2008/08/18
Ecological Monitoring Appraisal 2009 Bob Taylor STRI 2009/08/24
Ecological Monitoring Appraisal 2010 Bob Taylor STRI 2010/05/19
Ecological Monitoring Appraisal 2011 Bob Taylor STRI 2011/09/12
Ecological Monitoring Appraisal 2012 Bob Taylor STRI 2012/03/20
Ecological Monitoring Appraisal 2013 Bob Taylor STRI 2013/05/17
Ecological Monitoring Appraisal 2014 Bob Taylor STRI 2014/08/18
Great Created Newt Survey: Pond left of the 6th Green Bob Taylor STRI 2010/06/10
Bat Survey of Selected Areas of the Golf Course Richard Stuttard STRI 2008/06/17
Woodland and Conservation Stratergy Plan Eamonn Wall & Co John Nicholson 1998/01/18
Nature Conservation Management Plan Pat Waring 2000/05/01
RLSAGC A guide to the environmental management of the links Bob Taylor STRI 2012/07/15
A management survey of the root feeding pests in grassland ar RLSAGC Alan Reeves 2001/04/27
BHS Site assessment and management recommendationsfor RLSAGC Lancashire Couty Coucil Ecologist Sarah Gorman 2011/02/07

Specie rare, protette o degne di nota presenti presso questo impianto:

Fine leaved sheeps fescue Festuca filiformis is a provisional Lancashire red data list of vascular plants
Slender Parsley - piert Aphanes inexspectata Lippert is a provisional Lancashire red data list of vascular plants
Sand Cats Tail Phleum arenarium is a provisional Lancashire red data list of vascular plants
Linnet Carduelis cannabina is a red data species noted
Stonechat Saxicola torquata is an amber data species

Questo impianto monitora regolarmente le seguenti specie come indicatori di qualità ambientale:

Species rich short turf situated on the sides of a numner of dunes, mainly the eastern and western thirds of the course. Sheeps fescue. Sand sedge. Creeping Willow. Marram Grass. Created Hairy Grass. Heath Grass. Ladys Bedstraw. Hawkweed. Dewbury. Harebell. Wild Thyme. Common Birdsfoot trefoil and Bulbous buttercup

Habitat e designazioni

Questo impianto può vantare le seguenti designazioni paesaggistiche:

BHS Biological Hertiage Site Environment Directorate Lancashire County Council in assiciation with Lancashire Wildlife Trust

Habitat/tipi di vegetazione e relative designazioni presso questo impianto:

Erica e altre colonie di arbusti nani .5 Amministrazione locale
Dune di sabbia 10 Amministrazione locale

Tappeto erboso

Estensione e specie che compongono il tappeto erboso presso questo impianto.

Green 1.452 Ettari Agrostis tenuis / capillaris 70%
Festuca rubra 30%
Tee 1.262 Ettari Agrostis tenuis / capillaris 70%
Festuca rubra 30%
Fairway 21.9 Ettari Festuca rubra 60%
Agrostis tenuis / capillaris 40%
Semi-rough 4.0 Ettari Festuca rubra 70%
Agrostis tenuis / capillaris 30%

Questo impianto verifica gli schemi di taglio ogni: Daily greens, weekly tees and fairways and monthly all others. years

Questo impianto consulta i seguenti soggetti e organizzazioni riguardo il piano di gestione del tappeto erboso:

  • The Sports Turf Research Institute
  • Mackenzie and Ebert Golf Course Architects

Questo impianto sta intraprendendo i seguenti sforzi per rispondere alle aspettative dei clienti riguardo la qualità di gioco:

Definizione di chiari regolamenti interni su irrigazione, fertilizzazione, colore, altezze di taglio, trasemina, ecc. To administer minimal inputs of nutrients, chemicals and water to maintain sufficient plant health, growth and development with no real emphasis on turfgrass colour. Water is an extremely important resource and its use is strictly controlled, and only used to keep the grass plant alive whilst maintaining turfgrass quality.
Fertiliser is used sparingly to maintain adequate plant health, growth and development. Heights of cut are set to ensure minimal turfgrass stress, depending on the time of year, prevailing weather conditions and required turf quality target range.
Promozione dell'importanza per la qualità di gioco di tappeti erbosi più naturali, specialmente per fairway e semi-rough These areas are managed to promote the dominance of the indigenous finer grass species. Management policy centres around minimal fertilisation, the use of water management products to reduce the need automatically irrigating fairways, overseeding with fescue based seed mixes, the cultural and chemical control of
coarse grass species and the removal of clippings to reduce enrichment.
Promozione dei vantaggi economici offerti da superfici più sostenibili Presenting sustainable natural surfaces is a real course management challenge. In doing so we can ensure that the course is managed as sympathetically alongside nature, thereby reducing our overall carbon footprint and helping to keep a tight control any unnecessary expenditure. This approach protects the long term natural integrity of the course and ensures that only the minimum maintenance inputs are adhered to, to deliver sustainable turf quality.
Rafforzamento delle conoscenze dei clienti sulla manutenzione dei green We aim to deliver sustainable turf quality all year round. The routine maintenance programme is carefully implemented to maximise turf quality whilst ensuring as little disruption to golf as practically possible. Cultural practices are often routine but can be prescriptive to deal with a specific problem, the programme ensures continuity in playing quality.
Dimostrazione del rapporto diretto tra gestione sostenibile e superfici di gioco di alta qualità durante tutto l'anno We recognise the importance and impact that our policy's and practices have on the environment and year round playing quality. In particularly we ensure minimal inputs of water and fertiliser to prevent the development of soft and disease prone surfaces that will have a negative impact on desirable grass species composition and ultimately turf quality and ball behaviour.

Tutela e valorizzazione

Questo impianto sta svolgendo le seguenti attività per tutelare il carattere del paesaggio:

Assecondamento della variazione stagionale delle colorazioni e della composizione del campo Through the seasons the colour and the texture of the course changes. generally the colour of the course is a reflection of the weather. However, as we know this can depend on the time of year. The course remains green and dormant throughout the winter but then can take on a cold bleached appearance for a period in early spring due to the north east winds. During a prolonged dry spell in the summer the course can turn straw coloured. The finer grass species that predominate add structure, texture and colour interest especially when the grass plant is in flower.
Adeguamento delle linee di taglio ai profili del campo Royal Lytham and St Annes is not what some would consider as a classical links course with vast defining sand dunes rolling fairways and typical sea views.The terrain is varied but generally level in elevation terms. The course occupies a relatively small footprint and in its original form had 385 bunkers. The 205 bunkers that exist remain a strong feature on the links landscape enhanced by the low dune systems, the contours of which both influences the mowing lines.
Tutela e ripristino di manufatti storici The course at Royal Lytham and St. Annes is a fine example of nature and golf working in harmony together. Listed as a Biological Heritage Site by Lancashire County Council, its dune grassland and rare ecosystem preserve the ancient past of the site, now surrounded by red-brick Victorian houses, a school, hospital and a railway.
Sobrietà della segnaletica e delle attrezzature in campo Royal Lytham and St Annes remain proud of their heritage. Careful consideration is made to ensuring that the selection of course furniture remains in keeping with its period. Signage and information is kept to a minimum and remains discreet. The use of mow over tee marker plates in tandem with the Clubs iconic tee boxes combines character and style.
Conservazione degli alberi più caratteristici One of the unfortunate consequences of tree development on the links has been the negative impact it has had on encouraging rank grass growth. Leaf litter enriches the ground and smoothers the indigenous finer grasses as well as any flowering plants within the rough. Management aims are set out to encourage good, sparse and flower rich dune grassland on the course which was present along the coastline over a hundred years ago.
Copertura e attenuazione dell'impatto visivo di eventuali manufatti sgradevoli The course nestles ½ a mile from the sea within the coastal town of Lytham and
St Annes. The typical iconic picturesque sea views afforded by most Open Championship courses, have long since disappeared from view at Lytham and St Anne’s, to be replaced over the decades largely by Victorian red brick and mortar a school, a hospital and a railway. The boundaries is screened by indigenous trees and scrub. Many internal course structures have been softened by gorse planting.

Questo impianto sta svolgendo le seguenti attività per rendere il campo da golf più sostenibile dal punto di vista paesaggistico:

Riduzione al minimo della quantità di tappeto erboso ad alta intensità manutenzione The course is managed in a semi natural state and great effort is made to ensure that the overall footprint of amenity grass is kept to a minimum. The club acknowledges the negative impact on the environment and organisations finances that maintaining large expanses of amenity grassland can have. Actual areas of amenity fine turf are tightly controlled and monitored to ensure that these areas are not expanded upon. The use and promotion of indigenous fine grasses ensures minimum maintenance inputs.
Ampliamento dei frammenti di habitat (patch) The grasslands and heather stands are well managed, strengthened by a major programme to remove extensive areas of white poplar which have enabled restoration of natural dune scrub such as gorse and broom. One of the important features of Royal Lytham and St Annes is the stands of heather which occur in certain areas of the course, and which are characteristic of older dune systems. The club recognised that heather was being lost as trees and scrub grew and spread, and decided to carry out a major programme of heather restoration to improve the extent and condition of this disappearing featu
Collegamento dei frammenti interni di habitat The clear felling and removal of white poplar trees within the course and around its perimeter has been replanted with gorse, broom, Silver Birch and Maritime pine which has had a positive ecological impact. This has led to an increase in nesting and feeding habitats for small song birds which require a mosaic of habitats from dune grassland (for feeding) and scrub (for nesting)

Collegamento dei frammenti interni con gli habitat esterni The golf course provides a glimpse of the landscape that would of existed before the expansion of the town. Moreover, it is because of the presence of the golf course that a remnant of the historic landscape has been preserved.The tree and scrub lined course boundary provides a natural connection between the extensive urban garden habitats and the course.
Creazione di corridoi di habitat Our main goal of implementing habitat corridors is to increase biodiversity, by re-connecting the fragments of low duneland scrub , which has had a positive influence on small bird populations.stabilize a population:
The creation of low dune land scrub made up largely of gorse have been colonization by a variety of small birds. These corridors act a food sources, nesting sites and provide additional habitats for bird movement.
Lotta alla frammentazione degli habitat Habitat fragmentation is avoided by closely monitoring the overall footprint and controlling the development of invasive plant species and the process of succession. There are strict policy's and procedure's in place that involve professional and proper consultation with outside agencies to ensure that no course project has a negative impact on the environment.
Ampliamento e diversificazione dei margini degli habitat (edge) Great effort is made to enhance the dune grassland , heather stands and low dune scrub largely by controlling the processes of succession. Woodland management focuses on the removal of White poplar to control the negative impact from leave fall and enrichment. Re planting with appropriate tree species Maritime pine and Silver Birch maintains original isolated tree cover internally and adjacent to the course boundary. Sections of woodland in places are bordered by low broom and gorse scrub.

Questo impianto sta svolgendo le seguenti attività per migliorare la qualità degli habitat che ospitano il campo da golf:

Creazione di distese erbose ricche dal punto di vista botanico the process of tree ingress into the grasslands is referred to as natural succession which has a negative impact on the links environment. Leaf fall leads to nutrient enrichment which promotes the growth of coarser grasses, smothering the indigenous finer grasses as well as flowering plants within the rough. Management which incorporates cutting, scarifying and collecting grass plant matter encourages the regeneration of the finer sparser rich dune grassland. A programme has been implemented to scarify cut and collect the rough annually in late summer over the next 3 years.
Gestione ecologicamente consapevole della vegetazione selvatica RLSAGC has been granted Forestry Commission permission to clear fell White Poplar trees within the course and degenerate species around the perimeter. These areas of been replanted with gorse and broom which has had a positive ecological impact. One benefit has been the increase in nesting and feeding habitat for small birds including the linnet and stonechat which require a mosaic of habitats from dune grassland (for feeding) and scrub nesting.
Promozione di aree boschive ricche di specie e strutturalmente diversificate The woodlands on course are sparse and often narrow in nature so therefore provide limited structural diversity. However the gorse is coppiced to improve structural diversity interest and condition. Rotational cutting on an ongoing on a cyclical 8 to 15 year basis covering all areas of the course (gorse has a infinite life cycle of around 30 years). This entails coppicing no more than 30% to maintain vegetative regrowth, or 1 to 2 plants in any one section.
Mantenimento di sponde e vegetazione marginale delle aree acquitrinose NOT APPLICABLE
Mantenimento di un opportuno equilibrio tra acque libere e vegetazione acquatica NOT APPLICABLE
Naturalizzazione di habitat lineari There are extensive amenity beech hedges around the club car park and putting green which provide valuable nesting habitat for a variety of bird species, these cannot be naturalised The boundary of the course has a linear mosaic of trees and scrub with very little management intervention.

Questo impianto sta svolgendo le seguenti attività per tutelare e promuovere la biodiversità all'interno del campo da golf:

Predisposizione di rifugi e nettare per impollinatori The rough is species rich, supporting both acid and calcareous elements. Dewbury, harebell, rough and autumn hawkbit, common mouse ear, birds foot trefoil, restharrow and yarrow are all quite common. These provide a good environment for butterflies such as the gatekeeper, small copper and common blue, and bumblebees who act as pollinator insects. Creeping willow is an important component of the lower lying hollows. Grasslands further offline are extremely important with taller plants including mugwort, common thistle, large flowered evening primrose, bladder campion and yarrow.
Installazione di nidi artificiali (nestbox) The expansive stands of gorse on the course provides very valuable nesting habitat for small song birds.However, the club will compliment these natural nesting sites with the provision of nesting boxes in woodland, targeting areas that are particularly sheltered and quiet.
Predisposizione di ripiani per l'alimentazione these do not exist at present but provision will be made to install a bird feeder and table adjacent to the greenkeepers maintenance compound which naturally provides adjacent woodland cover.
Controllo/gestione delle specie estranee Since 2001 we have embarked on a progressive ecological management programme developed to enhance the courses Biological Heritage Site status which supports a mosaic of species rich dune grassland, heath and scrub. This work has not only improved the ecology of the site but has restored the original open character of the links at Lytham and St Annes. The processes of succession (largely tree invasion especially within heather stands) is controlled tightly on a yearly basis
Predisposizione di aree per il letargo Some of the more mature extensive pockets of woodland areas provide a valuable environment for foraging, roosting and hibernating bats. Creeping ivy enhances the environment for bats, and is therefore not controlled, unless the ivy is having a negative impact on tree growth and development.
Creazione di micro-habitat (come cataste di tronchi e pietre) Areas out of play within the course are periodically left open and the sand exposed. Marram is planted sparingly. Sand is an extremely important habitat for a range of species including solitary bees, plants and amphibians such as the common lizard.


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